Crime Pages

Obsessions of O.J. Simpson Were Caused by an Evil Design

Daniel A. Montgomery

February 19, 2008

Copyright 2008 by Daniel A. Montgomery


O.J. was a famous football player. After he retired from pro football, he became a movie actor and a TV news announcer. Many friends and visitors came to his house in the Brentwood district of Los Angeles. He was almost never alone.

His ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her boy friend, Ron Goldman, were murdered on June 12, 1994 in her condo which was only five minutes drive away from O.J.'s house. O.J. came under a cloud of suspicion and tried to kill himself.

After studying the history of the case, I suspect that O.J. was influenced with thought control. Thought control is not a new idea. In his 1957 book, Masters of Deceit, J. Edgar Hoover devoted an entire chapter to thought control. The communists had discovered how to use subliminal recordings to covertly influence thoughts. As director of the FBI, Hoover feared that the Communist Party of the USA would be used by the Russians to subvert America with thought control.

In psychological terms, thought control is psychological coercion. The process begins with subliminal activation. Subliminal activation can be used to make it easier to remember or forget selected items of memory. This is a part of the procedure for brainwashing. Subliminal activation can be used to build thought patterns that are so strong they are obsessive. These obsessions can be triggered by events that have been referenced by the subliminal activation phrases.

Subliminal activation is similar to listening to recordings of affirmations. Commonly available recordings are used for building positive ideas about goals like quitting smoking, loosing weight, or improving self image.

When subliminal activation gives one ideas that are disagreeable or sharply differ from the subject's own positive outlook on life, it has the potential to cause depression. In experiments with subliminal activation in 365 college students, the simple phrase, "Mommy and I are Dissimilar" delivered in subliminal repetitions on a television screen caused a measurable tendency to become depressed. The researchers wrote, "It should be noted that the stimulation did not allude to some exotic notion relevant only to groups with deviant personality or clinical problems ..." (Sohlberg and Birgegard).

It is possible to use subliminal activation to program a victim to have an obsession that is so strong that he becomes severely depressed if he does not act it out. An artificially created obsession to commit suicide looks similar to a death wish, but should not be confused with it.

The recording trains the victim with thought patterns that function as obsessions. While it may not be possible to perceive subliminal stimuli, some people have enough insight to recognize that they have obsessions which they did not have before. If he maintains a circle of friends, people around the victim may notice the emotional harmfulness or social inappropriateness of his artificially acquired obsessions before he does, but they typically remain unaware of the cause.

An Eerie Story

Nicole's condo was at 875 Bundy in the Brentwood district of Los Angeles. On the evening of June 12, 1994, Pablo Fenjves, a neighbor, heard a dog start making a plaintive wail between about 10:15 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. on June 12, 1994 (Clark, p. 66). The dog continued the wail uncontrollably for over an hour. The prosecutor presumed that the dog was Kato the Akita and that it wailed in response to the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and her boyfriend, Ron Goldman. During at least part of this time, Kato the Akita was running loose in the neighborhood (Clark, pp. 36, 66, 101-2).

Kato the Akita should not be confused with Brian “Kato” Kaelin, a freeloader who was a guest of O.J. (Clark, p. 19; Toobin, p. 21).

June 12 was a Sunday. Steven Schwab took his dog for his usual half hour walk at 10:30 p.m. and saw Kato the Akita at about 10:45 p.m. to 10:55 p.m. (Clark, pp. 102, 369). Steven Schwab walked his dog from 10:30 p.m. and at 10:55, he passed the alley behind Nicole’s condo and saw Kato the Akita, a white dog, barking at a house. Kato paused to look at Schwab and resumed barking at the house. He noticed blood on all four of Kato’s paws. Kato followed him home. Kato waited patiently on the landing of his apartment. Schwab and his wife gave Kato some water at 11 p.m.

Sukru Boztepe and his wife came home to their apartment at 11:40 p.m. They lived about 600 feet from Nicole’s condo. The Schwab's were their upstairs neighbor and were sitting with Kato the Akita. The two couples chatted. The Boztepes agreed to keep Kato for the night. They agreed to keep her in their apartment until they could take her to an animal shelter in the morning. Kato had blood on her legs. Kato was nervous and kept running around to doors and windows. At midnight, they took Kato for a walk to see if they could find its owner. Kato led them to Nicole’s condo at 875 Bundy. As they came closer, Kato pulled Boztepe a lot harder than normal. Kato stopped and looked to the right. They looked to the right and saw Nicole’s dead body in front of the condo (Clark, pp. 67, 102, 369; Toobin, pp. 19-23). “The Akita’s role in all this was eerie, to say the least.” wrote Marcia Clark, the prosecutor (Clark, p. 67).

The movements and sounds of animals such as dogs can be controlled with a magnetic muscle control system. Intelligence operations have this technical ability to make it look like a dog was making his own decisions.

Police Investigate the Crime

Early on the morning of June 13, Officer Riske investigated the homicide at 875 Bundy. Ron Goldman’s body was lying near Nicole’s. Both were in the front yard. Riske saw one leather glove near Goldman’s body. Riske found a letter with the return address of O.J. Simpson on the front hall table. There were photos of O.J. among the family pictures (Toobin, p. 25).

Detective Mark Fuhrman happened to be an on call detective early in the early morning hours of June 13. He drove with his supervisor to the murder scene. He was the seventeenth police officer to arrive at Nicole's condo at 875 Bundy. Fuhrman played a controversial role in the investigation. He saw a glove at the murder scene and found the matching bloody glove on O.J.'s property. It was an unusual coincidence, yet, other police who had already been to 875 Bundy before Fuhrman saw only one glove (Clark, p. 260; Toobin, pp. 31-36).

Fuhrman led another car of officers to O.J.’s house because he had been there before and knew the way. Fuhrman and Phillips were in one car and Vannatter and Lange were in the other. It was after 5 a.m. and they wished to inform O.J. of the killing and of the custody of his two children who had been sleeping Nicole's condo. Ringing the gate buzzer and telephoning did not wake anybody up. Fuhrman looked around while they were waiting and discovered blood on the console inside O.J.’s Bronco (Toobin, pp. 31-6).

Because of no response, the four detectives thought there could be additional victims in O.J.’s house. Fuhrman hopped the fence and manually opened the hydraulic gate. Fuhrman took a look around to see the layout of the property. He walked about 20 feet on the south path and found a glove that was later found to be the matching glove for the one at 875 Bundy. It had blood on it (Toobin, pp. 36-8).

The detectives knocked on Arnelle Simpson’s door. She was O.J.'s daughter. She lived in a guest house. She let them in to O.J.'s house and they called his secretary, Cathy Randa, to find out where he was. He was in Chicago. They informed him of Nicole’s death. They told him they had two of his children at the police station. Sydney was eight years old and Justin was six. They wanted to know where to take the children. He said he would hurry back (Toobin, pp. 38-40).

In the morning sun, a trail of blood on the driveway led to O.J.’s front door and into the foyer (Toobin, p. 42). The police got a search warrant (Toobin, pp. 43-4).

O.J. came home in midday on June 13. He was hand cuffed. The media were surrounding the property. Howard Weitzman, O.J.’s attorney, arrived and persuaded the police to remove the hand cuffs (Toobin, pp. 59-60).

Vannatter said they had some questions and would O.J. please come to the police station downtown. O.J. agreed. They all went downtown. O.J.'s attorney, Howard Weitzman, tried to stop O.J. from agreeing to the police interview (Toobin, pp. 65-6). O.J. consented to the taped interview when his attorneys went for coffee (Schiller, p. 117). Vannatter and Lange proceeded with the interview when Howard Weitzman was not in the room (Toobin, pp. 60-61).

O.J. was at the station for three hours. The interview was only 32 minutes. Marcia Clark listened to the tape later. O.J. sounded cold and detached, she thought. His answers sounded evasive and dishonest. She thought O.J. spoke with a flippant tone for a man who just learned about a death in the family. She thought his lack of distress over the news of Nicole’s death was evidence of guilt. He seemed to be lacking remorse. His tangential comments sounded like a person in denial. He talked about his current girl friend, Paula Barbieri, and chuckled. His memory loss and vagueness about the answers sounded like evasion, yet, he kept wondering why the police were questioning him. Whenever O.J. sounded evasive, the police dropped the subject and moved to the next question. It sounded to Clark like the interview was incompetently done by detectives who had years of experience (Clark, pp. 71-75).

Lange and Vannatter let O.J. go after the interview and were holding Clark at arms length about the information. There was already a mountain of evidence implicating O.J. Letting him go was a “blunder,” Clark thought (Clark pp. 25-27).

There was something strange about the police who interviewed O.J. Clark thought it was the police gave unreasonable deference to O.J. because he was a celebrity.

“Why had they let Simpson walk? It was true that once the police formally arrest someone, they must be prepared to charge him within forty-eight hours. If they’re not sure of their evidence, they can cut him loose, then pick him up later when they have something more solid. But why in this case, where the evidence seemed so strong?”

“I had never seen the cops this jittery. It was not so much what they said as the reticence in their voices. Something in Phil Vannatter’s tone reminded me of Mark Fuhrman’s as, earlier in the afternoon, he’d gone out of his way to tell me about Simpson’s record on the playing field. At one level, I was hearing the perfectly ordinary sound of people talking. And beneath it, the cackle of It’s the Juice.” (Clark, p. 26).

The police still hadn’t filed charges when O.J. left Nicole’s funeral (Clark, p. 41).

Someone was giving O.J. rope for the suicide he was about to try and the police seemed only to think about how famous he was. They did not think the interview was a trigger and neither did Clark. When the police let O.J. go after the interview, it was not a “blunder” like Clark thought. It was a trigger that activated a coercive obsession to commit suicide.

The Suicide Chase

When O.J. came back from the police interview, he couldn’t believe he was a suspect. The police were ransacking his house for evidence. There was a sense of unreality as he talked to his friend of 24 years, Robert Kardashian. Later that night, O.J. got up at 3 a.m. to kill himself, but relatives were keeping a suicide watch and talked him out of it (Schiller, pp. 20-4).

The streets around the property were mobbed by the media. There were around 200 reporters. O.J. didn’t want to be followed every time he went out. His friends thought up a plan to slip out through a hidden path that went to a neighbor’s property. Then Kardashian would pick him up and drive him to Kardashian’s house in Encino. Before they left, O.J. asked Kardashian to bring him a little black case from under the front seat of his Bentley. It looked like a miniature violin case (Schiller, pp. 27-8).

On Friday morning, June 17, the police issued an arrest warrant. Shapiro informed O.J. of the charges and the arrest time of 11 a.m. O.J. thought it was a setup. The jail was notified about the suicide watch (Schiller, pp. 49-54).

They were getting ready to go to the police station when Kardashian saw the pistol wrapped in a towel on O.J.’s lap. Kardashian realized the pistol had been in the toy violin case. “What are you doing!” Kardashian said. O.J. said, “Man, I don’t know. I just don’t know what’s happening.” Kardashian prayed for him (Schiller, p. 55).

O.J. talked like he was beside himself. He was not in control. The obsession was controlling his judgment. Kardashian did not oppose the obsession directly, but kept suggesting they hadn’t found the right place to do it. O.J. was going to kill himself in a room at Kardashian’s house, but Kardashian said he couldn’t do it there because it had been his daughter’s room and it would give him bad memories. Al Cowlings, a trusted friend, volunteered to drive O.J. somewhere to do it. They left in Cowling’s Bronco. They traveled around town while Cowlings told O.J. they hadn’t found the right place and O.J. kept thinking of another place. At one point, O.J. pulled the trigger with the gun pointed at his head in the car, but nothing happened. The police picked up the trail and the media followed the procession with helicopters (Schiller, pp. 55-75).

O.J.'s new attorney, Robert Shapiro and Robert Kardashian held a press conference in Century City while the suicide chase was broadcast on national television. Kardashian read O.J.’s suicide note to the media (Schiller, pp. 62-64).

The police who were following the car tried to get Cowlings to immediately surrender, so Cowlings called 911 to warn them that O.J. was suicidal (Schiller, pp. 62-64). They drove back to Kardashian’s house. O.J. held the family pictures in one hand and the gun in the other (Schiller, p. 72). He was finally talked into getting out of Cowling's car and agreeing to be arrested (Schiller, pp. 55-75).

Triggers of Self Detruction

Three emotional triggers formed a sequence: First, to get him alone so that he would be a suspect without an alibi. Second, to have a gun ready. Third, to induce suicide.

O.J. had been seeing Paula Barbieri. His divorce from Nicole had recently become final. Paula wanted to attend Sydney’s dance recital with O.J. as a statement to Nicole and the Browns that she was with O.J., now. Paula was “stung” by his refusal to take her along, she said. O.J. attended the recital unaccompanied and Nicole pointedly excluded him from a family party at Mezzaluna’s restaurant after the recital (Clark, p. 363).

After the party, O.J. went home and had dinner and then tried to call Paula from the cell phone in his car. O.J. called Paula's number from his cell phone in his Bronco at 10:03 p.m. on June 12 (Clark, pp. 399, 432, 472). Paula left him a “Dear John” on the answering machine. “It was clearly the emotional trigger,” Clark thought. This trigger was not known at the time of the murder trial (Clark, p. 242). Paula eluded the prosecutor all during the murder trial. Months later, she testified at the civil trial (Clark, p. 242).

Clark thought the trigger only arose from O.J. having bad character. She did not see a series of externally induced obsessive-compulsive triggers leading to the suicide attempt. These triggers were caused by coercive obsessions which amounted to mental enslavement.

A Trigger for the Suicide Gun

About one month before the murders, O.J. was frightened. As he told it to the police, “ … it was like 3:30 in the morning and I’m in a lane and all of a sudden the car in front of me is going real slow … There’s a car next to me and I can’t change lanes … the car butts up to me, and I’m like caught between three cars and they’re Oriental guys and they weren’t letting me go anywhere. And I finally went on the shoulder and sped up and then I held my phone up so they can see … it …. And they kind of scattered.” (Schiller, pp. 17-18).

The obsession to keep a gun in his car was probably created by subliminal psychological coercion months in advance. This driving incident precipitated the compulsion to keep a gun in his car so that it would be there for suicide.

A Compulsion to Take His Own Life

In this kind of severe coercive obsession, insomnia is followed by a kind of moribund cessation of judgment that resembles a depression. It is not relieved until the compulsion is completed. It is designed to happen only once.

On the night of June 14, O.J. had insomnia. He tried sleeping pills. His doctor prescribed anti-depressants, but they seemed only to make him groggy. By June 15, his friends noticed that O.J. seemed to be wandering in and out of reality (Schiller, pp. 38, 41).

The insomnia followed by a temporary suspension of normal mental activity in a condition that resembles a depression heralds the impending acting out of a compulsion that was created by psychological coercion. Insomnia heralded the beginning of the compulsion to commit suicide. This compulsion did not arise from a death wish in his personality. Without witnesses, he would have no alibi. He could be blamed for anything. After the double murder and suicide were completed, his estate could be sued.

On Friday morning, June 17, O.J. made a recording. It was a suicide tape. “Everybody loved me, but I don’t know why I was feeling so alone all the time.” And “I felt very lonely at times in recent years, and I don’t know what it is.” Schiller, p. 51). The coercive obsessions interfere with normal love relationships. The “immaturity” that Clark saw in O.J. (Clark, p. 242) is probably caused by obsessions that persistently interfere with emotional reality testing.

During the first few days that O.J. was in jail, he remained suicidal and depressed. He felt emotionally alone in jail, but he was saved by over 300,000 letters. Most people remembered him as a good and honest person. Over 96% of the letters were religious. They encouraged him to overcome fear, hopelessness and sadness. He started recovering from “mental fog." All these letters came because the white Bronco chase and the reading of his suicide note were on television (Simpson, pp. 3-9).

Overkill with a Mountain of Evidence

Clark used phone records to verify times reported by witnesses. O.J. was alone and “unaccounted for” from 9:36 p.m. to 10:53 p.m. on the evening of June 12, 1994 (Clark, p. 472). The driving time between 360 Rockingham and 875 Bundy was only five minutes (Clark, p. 302).

The physical evidence implicating O.J. was “amazingly strong” (Clark, p. 179). This “mountain” of evidence was far more than necessary to convince the prosecutor that O.J. was guilty. (Clark, p. 473).

There was a mix of all three DNA patterns of O.J., Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman in the blood on the console of O.J.’s Bronco (Schiller, p. 449). Clark observed, “It’s almost impossible for a criminal to get away from a crime scene without leaving something of himself there or taking something away. Usually, these things are traces, often invisible to the naked eye.” (Clark, p. 22).

The defense did not try to prove that there was anything invalid about the DNA laboratory tests. Instead, they focused on human error in how the samples were collected and processed. There was a real possibility that the blood was planted in a way that falsely implicated O.J. (Schiller, pp. 173, 285-6).

Conspiracy Theory

Shapiro consulted Bill Pavelic, a private investigator who used to be a policeman for LAPD (Schiller, pp. 36, 44-5). Pavelic was good at following paper trails. He suspected police corruption. It was his experience that lying and cover ups were the norm. Pavelic studied the photographs. It looked like objects had been rearranged at the murder scene. Some of the police reports sounded like they had been embellished or contained omissions (Schiller, pp. 117, 119, 133-5, 185-6).

Dr. Michael Baden and the other forensic experts for the defense had never seen a case where the primary evidence was so conveniently laid out. Bill Pavelic said, “How often do you see a case where something so obvious as a glove is taken from one place to another?” (Schiller, p. 116).

Clark ridiculed the defense theory of a “nefarious conspiracy” where it seemed that every county employee was a potentialsuspect (Clark, p. 468).

The Press Villify O.J. Simpson

The 911 audio tapes of Nicole’s calls on New Year’s Eve 1989 and October 25, 1993 were released to the press by LAPD shortly after O.J.’s arrest (Simpson, p. 104).

Newsweek published a picture of O.J. with a red headed stripper. The stripper was sent to his birthday party as a surprise in 1989 and someone took a photo. He thought that someone was merely trying to be funny. Newsweek made it look like they were in a sleezy bar (Simpson, pp. 73-4).

The press made it look like everything he did in the last five years was evidence that he was on a path toward murder (Simpson, p. 81).

Ron Shipp and O.J.'s Dreams

Ron Shipp was a long time friend of O.J.’s He met O.J. through high school football 26 years before. His brother played against O.J. in high school (Toobin, p. 266). Ron Shipp and O.J. had a talk about dreams on the night of June 13 after O.J came home from the police interview (Toobin, p. 269).

The family said O.J. went to bed early (Toobin, p. 269) and Shipp was drunk that night (Toobin, p. 377).

Shipp was in the bedroom for about 2 minutes, but was glassy-eyed and muttering to himself while he continued drinking beer (Schiller, p. 499). Some people drink to relieve stress. It was stressful to talk about the "dream."

Ron Shipp was black. He used to be a policeman and bring his friends over to O.J.’s for recreation. He was questioned by Vannatter and Clark. Shipp’s opinion was, “Whoever did this did a heck of a job of framing him,” (Clark, p. 285).

O.J. was having vivid dreams every night, but could not make sense of them (Schiller, p. 222). With modern technology, “dreams” are not always dreams. Electromagnetic signals can send images to the visual processing center of the brain. It looks like a dream. Some people are more aware of them than others. There may be differences in the threshold of perception. These training pictures are used as a part of a psychological coercion system. They should not be confused with dream recall which happens after sleeping and not before. The training pictures are a part of a subliminal process of forming obsessions with cues that can induce compulsive acts at some later time.

The prosecution wanted the dream story to show that O.J.'s mental state indicated an intention to murder near the time of the murder. The defense argued that dreams are not predictive. Judge Ito allowed the dream testimony, but later instructed the jury to disregard it (Toobin, p. 266).

O.J. thought Shipp had turned on him (Toobin, p. 268).

Under cross examination, Shipp admitted that he had tried to avoid telling anybody about the dream story. He had lied to the police and defense investigators about it. Shipp did not want the dream story to be used against O.J. (Toobin, p. 268).

Carl Douglas for the defense tried to prove on cross examination that Shipp must have made up the dream story, but his efforts seemed only to prove that Shipp was telling the truth in court. At one point, Shipp answered with guiet dignity, "I put all my faith in God and my conscience. Since Nicole's been dead, I've felt nothing but guilt, my own personal guilt, that I didn't do as much as I should have." (Toobin, p. 269).

Shipp said that O.J. refused to take a polygraph because he had “dreams” about killing Nicole. When Clark read this in a new book, she called Shipp in for more questioning because he had omitted the “dream” story.

Shipp said he drove to O.J.’s house at about 6 p.m. on July 13, the day after the murders. The house was full of people. O.J. was tired and invited Shipp to his room. The “dream” was on Monday night the same day O.J. declined to take a lie detector test for Vannatter and Lange.

O.J. asked Shipp how reliable the test is. Shipp said, “Very reliable.” O.J. said, “To be honest, Shipp, I’ve had some thoughts of killing her.”

O.J. had told Vannatter and Lange, “I’m sure eventually I’ll do it. But it’s like I’ve got some weird thoughts now …. You know, when you’ve been with someone for seventeen years, you think everything. I’ve got to understand what this thing is. If it’s true blue, I don’t mind.” Clark saw that the “dream” was in the “weird thoughts” category, but didn’t see it as evidence of an obsession that was created by psychological coercion.

Clark thought the “dream” was evidence of O.J.’s “mind-set,” but only in the sense of implying he was afraid someone would think he was looking for an excuse if he failed the lie detector test (Clark, pp.283-288).

The prosecution thought the dream story would show that O.J.'s mental state indicated an intention to murder near the time of the murder. The defense argued that dreams are not predictive. Judge Ito allowed the dream testimony, but later instructed the jury to disregard it (Toobin, p. 266).

Shipp testified for the prosecution. His testimony was taken to show a “psychological background consistent with a motive for murder.” (Schiller, p. 356). In other words, the prosecution assumed that dreams and obsessions only prove mental derangement for which the defendant is held responsible. Clark could not imagine anything like mental enslavement. Obsessions that have been planted by psychological coercion can be confused with other explanations.

O.J. thought Shipp had turned on him (Toobin, p. 268). O.J. saw Shipp as an employee, not a close friend (Schiller, p. 355). Shipp sometimes did security work for O.J. and was a former policeman.

Shipp was cross examined by Carl Douglas. Douglas tried to prove Shipp made up the dream story for attention and starting an acting career and that the dream comments never happened. He alluded that the difference in testimony was because the “dream” comments never happened and that Shipp’s testimony was a sign of police conspiracy. (see Shirley) Ron Shipp answered, “I’m doing this for my peace of mind …. I will not have the blood of Nicole on Ron Shipp. I can sleep at night, unlike a lot of others.” (Clark, p. 288).

The defense brought witnesses that Shipp appeared “spaced” or “starry” on more than one occasion and particularly on that night (Schiller, p. 500).

Carl Douglas for the defense tried to prove on cross that Shipp must have made up the dream story, but his efforts seemed only to prove that Shipp was telling the truth in court. At one point, Shipp answered with guiet dignity, "I put all my faith in God and my conscience. Since Nicole's been dead, I've felt nothing but guilt, my own personal guilt, that I didn't do as much as I should have." (Toobin, p. 269).

Sometimes, it is difficult to recognize the influence of electronic psychological systems. People have explanations like “dreams” or feelings that seem related to particular places or objects. Shipp testified to the “magnetism” of O.J.’s trophy room (Clark, p. 302).

O.J. told jail visitors about his dreams. He was not trying to hide them (Schiller, p. 355).

After the suicide failed, O.J. had a new kind of “dream” about Nicole. When he met with his attorneys on August 3, 1994, O.J. said, “This is the first day that I woke up feeling really mad at Nicole. I dreamed about her. I woke up feeling really mad at her.” (Schiller, p. 156).

Then O.J. talked about his obsession to kill himself. He had pulled the trigger. “Why didn’t it go off?” he kept saying. He believed he was not guilty of any offense when he talked to Vannatter and Lange. O.J.’s new obsession was revealed in his new “dream.” He believed that Nicole was killed by Faye Resnick’s drug addict friends (Schiller, p. 221). O.J. told Kardashian he had vivid dreams every night and was trying to make sense of them. He talked about feelings rather than specifics. Now, he was “mad” at Nicole for getting herself killed (Schiller, p.222).

The change of “dream” was a tactical change of obsessions that were being planted.

A Plea of Innocence

O.J was so sure of his complete innocence he wanted to testify. Shapiro gave him a practice session of what it would be like to be cross-examined by the prosecutor. “Have you ever hit your wife? Have you ever yelled at your wife? Have you ever cussed at your wife? Have you ever lost your temper at your wife?” With each question, O.J. went into a long-winded aggressive answer that sounded a life history. He talked about what Nicole did to him. “’That’s not good enough, O.J., ‘ Shapiro says quietly. ‘The more you explain, the more trouble you get into’” (Schiller, pp. 198-9) He eventually decided not to testify.

The defense arranged for a polygraph test that would not be used at trial. Every time O.J. heard Nicole’s name, his heart started to pound. The results were that he failed almost every question about the murders. When O.J. heard the results, he wanted to do it over. He thought it was because he was still too emotional such a short time after the murders. O.J. said, “What I said about Nicole, you know? Every time he said her name, my heart would beat like crazy! You guys have got to understand. I didn’t do this!” This was before he was arrested. “I was very nervous. They shouldn’t have asked me some of those questions. Every time I heard Nicole’s name, my heart would beat so fast. It would race, you know? And that thing would jump.” (Schiller, pp. 32-33).

O.J. had inconsistencies of thought that cannot be evaluated with only a polygraph. The defense lawyers and their assistants listened as O.J. talked. He kept believing that he really loved and missed Nicole. He was always talking about her. His obsession seemed bizarre. It sounded like he must be denying something and therefore he must be guilty (Schiller, p. 191).

Shapiro proposed that O.J. change his plea. He went through a preposterous hypothetical reconstruction of the murders. "You were offended when the family refused to allow you to go to dinner with them at Mezzaluna. You decided to punish Nicole by slashing her tires. You went to her home witha knife and were about to slash them when she caught you. ... She caught you, and you were so embarrassed. You didn't want her to tell anybody. So in a rage, you cut her throat. Goldman came by, and you thought he was her lover. You were so enraged you killed him. The bloody clothes and the knife go in the golf bag to Chicago. You have an early golf date, so the golf bag stays in the limousine. The L.A. detectives call, and you rush back to the airport without the bag. It follows you back on a later flight. A day later, after we meet, you and Kardashian go out to the airport and recover the bag. You take the bloody clothes and the knife out. Kardashian disposes of them."

O.J. refused to take Shapiro seriously. The other attorneys disagreed with Shapiro. Shapiro remained silent and left the room. He lost his position as team leader (Schiller, pp. 229-31).

An Evil Design

Did O.J. have subconscious feelings of guilt? Was he massively denying an act that was too horrifying for him to remember? A carefully honed obsession could have altered the response of the autonomic nervous system. It works like Pavlov’s dogs with the bells. It took at least five years to complete the frame up of O.J. Simpson.

O.J. gave detailed accounts of his sexual adventures which sounded like bragging (Schiller, p. 191). No one could discover what obstructed his better judgment. O.J. inconsistent in saying he didn’t have feelings about Nicole, but he was always talking about her (Schiller, p. ). A person can be programmed to think he is guilty.

Mental enslavement is not a mental illness. There is some similarity to defences of diminished capacity, diminished responsibility or irresistible impulse. The voters of California approved Proposition 8 which does not allow any of these defences. It allows automatism, but this mental illness defence does not fit mental enslavement. It is a matter of law that "All persons are capable of committing crimes except those belonging to the following classes:" One of the exceptions is that the offense was committed "through misfortune or by accident, when it appears that there was no evil design, intention, or culpable negligence." (CA Penal Code 26(5)). Psychological coercion is an evil design. The defendant did not have the evil design, but had the misfortune to be a victim of an evil design. The testimony of an expert witness is only necessary to prove that the state of mind of the accused was induced by an evil design from an external source. I do not know what the judge and jury would think if this theory ever came to trial.

Brian “Kato” Kaelin lived in one of O.J.’s guest houses. Michael Baden suggested that Kato was a suspect. O.J. said it was impossible. He trusted Kato. Baden thought that if O.J. was guilty, he would have been happy to let Kato be implicated. Faye Resnick was a friend of Nicole’s. O.J. thought Faye Resnick’s drug user crowd must have had something to do with the crime (Schiller, p. 116).

O.J. didn’t sound like some psychopath who could murder his former wife, but an atypical killer will meticulously clean up the evidence, thought Dr. Yudowitz, a psychiatrist who was called in to interview O.J. in jail. Some people lapse into a self-deceiving denial (Schiller, pp. 261-264). This murder scene had an abundance of evidence and O.J. if he had anything to do with it he was not meticulous.

The Prosecution Theory

In 1994, Nicole was using O.J.'s mailing address during separation so she could avoid taxes. When the divorce became final, O.J. informed her in writing she had to quit using his mailing address for IRS correspondence (Toobin, pp. 17-8).

O.J.'s letter of June 8, 1994 informed Nicole that his maid was not "... an emergency cook, baby-sitter or errand runner ...." She was using the maid when she came to visit (Schiller, p. 165). This was the letter that was left on the table in Nicole's condo where the police found it.

Nicole rented a safe deposit box in New York City in 1990. She put her will and photos of her beaten face in it. She was only 30 years old. Clark thought it was because she knew she was going to die (Clark, 474).

The information in Nicole's safe deposit box was a "road map" that O.J. was planning to kill her (Toobin, p. 419). The prosecution theorized that O.J. murdered Nicole because he could not have her (Toobin, p. 245).

One of the reasons for suicide that ran through O.J.’s mind was that a lengthy trial would deplete the estate and there would be little left for the children (Schiller, p. 67). O.J.’s suicide would have made a wrongful death suit easier. His obsession to die worked only to someone else’s advantage. It is as if those who planted that obsessive idea about the children made a Freudian slip.

The plan for O.J.’s demise centered around inducing him to kill himself. After the suicide, his estate could be sued by the families of the murder victims. O.J. would not be there to tell how it really happened. People would not suspect he was primed with psychological coercion to kill his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her boy friend, Ron Goldman.

Clark saw O.J. as a sexual sadist who had “… a fundamentally flawed, insecure, and extremely immature personality.” (Clark, p.242). She thought he had a “pattern of pathological sadism.” (Clark, p. 257). His feeling of being unjustly accused was misperceived as callousness.

O.J. did not show guilt or remorse when he was accused of over 60 incidents of wife beating. “His behavior would have been scandalous even if he were innocent of these crimes.” (Clark, p. 256). Clark was mystified by O.J.'s lack of a need to confess. She could not take seriously the idea that the wife beatings were false reports. She took him to be a sociopath because he saw himself as the victim (Clark, pp. 52-53, 74).

Sociopathy is one of the older terms for antisocial personality disorder. This disorder is described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (pp. 701-706). Central features of this disorder are deceitfulness, manipulation, and consistent irresponsibility. They tend to be callous, cynical, and lack empathy. This diagnosis is made for an adult only if there was a childhood history of conduct disorder. People with antisocial personality disorder lack remorse and are likely to blame the victim. For example, "She had it coming to her." Instead, O.J. lamented the loss of Nicole and thought he had to kill himself.

A similar disorder is paranoid personality disorder. The motive is usually revenge instead of personal gain or exploitation. O.J.'s statements during the year after his arrest were published in his book, "I Want to Tell You," (Simpson). Nothing in his book sounds anything like a pathologically vengeful person.

O.J. caught his wife in an act of adultery, but then he made up with her partner as if it didn’t matter. Clark thought that his concerns about adultery were only evidence that he was a stalker (Clark, 75-77).

Dr. Lenore Walker examined O.J. while he was awaiting trial. She is a psychologist specializing in domestic violence. O.J. did not fit the profile of a stalker or a batterer (Schiller, pp. 391-3). She thought the only way O.J. could have done the killing and not remember it was to have gone into a fugue. This is a kind of dissociation. The sufferer has no memory of the crime or of even being there. People who have fugue states have a history of them. O.J. had no history of fugue states (Schiller, pp. 391-393).

O.J.'s attorneys agreed Walker should not testify. It would allow the prosecution to bring in allegations of spousal abuse which had been ruled inadmissible. It would lead to “open season on O.J.’s mental state.” (Schiller, p. 393).

My opinion is that O.J. was not even there at the time of the murders. He was out driving in his car without witnesses. I am sure Dr. Walker was correct in seeing signs of his dissociation, but she did not see the psychological coercion behind it. Extreme psychological coercion by means of subliminal activation could lead to dissociation. The dissociation may be evidence of the psychological coercion.

The coercive obsessions were deflecting O.J. from making independent decisions. The prosecutors thought that O.J.'s being out of character was evidence of a criminal personality like the fictional Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. His disturbed logic was more probably the result of psychological coercion. He was obsessed and dissociating.

Fabrications of Domestic Violence

Clark thought that an obsession caused O.J. to come out of his house and ride around town on the night of June 12, 1994 but she thought this was evidence of a basic flaw of character instead of psychological coercion. Her theory was supported by allegations of domestic violence (Clark, pp. 119, 281).

On News Eve, December 31, 1988, Michelle Abudrahm, O.J.'s maid, tried to make Nicole’s friends leave the house(Clark, p. 315, Schiller, p. 201). This started an argument which led to an allegation of violence. Detective Edwards responded to Nicole's 911 call arriving on January 1, 1989 (Toobin, p. 52). He testified in court, "... A woman came running out of the bushes to my left, across the driveway. She was wearing a bra only as an upper garment.... She ran across and collapsed on the [gate] speaker .. and started yelling, 'He's going to kill me. He's going to kill me.!'"

"... I said, 'Well, who's going to kill you?' She said, 'O.J.' ... 'I said, O.J. who? Do you mean the football player, O.J. the football player?'" (Schiller, p. 353).

A man who was represented as being O.J. came out of the house. Officer Edwards testified, "He had veins ... popping out right here." Edwards pointed to his temple of forehead (Clark, p. 282).

The real O.J. did not have veins popping out of his head. Look at the photographs. He was impersonated.

O.J. did not see the woman who came running out of the bushes. It could have been a stand in who had fake bruises.

O.J. was bewildered by the allegations Nicole made against him (Toobin, pp. 238-9).

They had both been drinking and all were involved in the fight. O.J. minimized the incident in his own mind even after Nicole called 911. (Schiller, p. 201). Nicole was drunk and was tearing up the place (Toobin, p. 61). "We had a fight, and she hit me. And they never took my statement, they never wanted to hear my side, and they never wanted to hear the housekeeper's side. Nicole was drunk. She did her thing, she started tearing up my house, you know. And I didn't punch her or anything, but I ... wrestled her, is what I did. I didn't slap her at all." (Toobin, p. 61). O.J. later wrote to Nicole that he “took the heat” to “protect our privacy” (Schiller, p. 62).

O.J. said, "I didn't beat her, I just pushed her out of bed." (Toobin, p. 52). He told his friends this incident was a "mutual-type wrestling match." At the trial, he insisted that the testimony of Detective Edwards was a lie. (Schiller, p. 353). O.J. and Detective Edwards were deceived.

Detective Edwards took this woman to the West L.A. police station and took some pictures which were shown to the jury at the murder trial. Her face was red with scratches. Her expression was blank and numb. She seemed almost ghostly (schiller, p. 354). She looked like Nicole.

Next day, Nicole was at the West L.A. police station. She minimized the incident. She said she did not want to have a full prosecution, but her complaint had already set the law in motion (Toobin, p. 53).

Nicole needed to get the complaint on the books, but avoid a court proceeding where her fraud might be discovered.

O.J. pled nolo contendere to a charge of spousal abuse (Clark, p. 30).

On December 8, 1994, Pavelic interviewed Bethy Vaquerano, Nicole's maid from June, 1985 to April, 1988. She said Nicole assaulted O.J. on many occasions. She saw Nicole throw a crystal vase at him and hit him with a baseball bat. O.J. was generous and kind. Nicole was mean and nasty. Nicole used demeaning terms when she talked about Jews and African-Americans. When O.J.'s family came to visit, she referred to them as niggers. Nicole started the fights and argued until O.J. had to leave the house. After it was over, Nicole laughed at the 1989 domestic violence incident later (Schiller, p. 282).

In another incident, Michelle scolded the children for tracking dirt in the house and Nicole slapped her (Clark, p. 315).

O.J. married Nicole when she was 18 and gave her a Porsche (Toobin, p. 251) and then she was an adulterer (Clark, pp. 75-77, Toobin, pp. 251, 273).

The way O.J. saw it, Nicole was in a circle of friends who used illegal drugs (Toobin, p. 251). O.J. felt misrepresented (Toobin, pp. 236, 416). He thought Nicole was the one who wanted to keep the marriage going.

How could he have thought that a spouse abuser like Nicole loved him? The obsessions clouded his perception of reality. O.J.’s obsessive illusions of love for Nicole made him blind to betrayal. Missing Nicole was O.J.’s delusional obsession for suicide (Schiller, p. 67).

On the day of the murders, June 12, 1994, O.J. went to Sydney’s dance recital at Paul Revere Junior High School and met with the Brown family. A stockbroker saw them leaving after the recital. He made a video of Nicole's sister, Denise Brown, kissing O.J. enthusiastically. He shot another clip of O.J. kissing her mother, Judy Brown and smiling and greeting the Brown family. Yet, Denise Brown had testified that O.J. was menacing and gloomy all during the recital (Schiller, p. 363).

The stockbroker sent the tape to the D.A. thinking it would be forwarded to the defense. He called the defense later and they hadn’t heard of it. The defense called the D.A. and the tape was turned over (Schiller, p. 363).

The Gloves in Evidence

F. Lee Bailey, a famous criminal defense lawyer, was in daily contact with his friend, Robert Shapiro. He was listening to the suicide chase on his car radio when Kardashian read the suicide letter. Bailey thought the letter “shrieked” of innocence. It did not seem probable that a celebrity would murder his wife and a stranger in a densely populated area at a time when dog walkers, joggers and neighbors would witness it (Schiller, p. 64). Bailey joined the defense team. Bailey saw O.J. as a man in bewildering circumstances (Schiller, p. 154).

Creating the frame up with lots of witnesses is one of the elements of the profile of this kind of intelligence operation.

O.J.’s fingerprints were never found on anything at the crime scene at 875 Bundy (Schiller, p. 566). He wasn’t there. The gloves were the plausible explanation for the absence of O.J.’s fingerprints.

Nicole’s credit card was used to purchase two pair of gloves of exactly the type that was found associated with the crime (Schiller, p.473).

O.J. liked to give away apparel at the end of each year. He gave away at least one pair of glove (Schiller, pp. 631-632).

Fuhrman explained how he found one glove at 875 Bundy and the matching glove by the air conditioner at O.J's house at 360 Rockingham (Schiller, p. 399). Fuhrman hypothesized the killer ran into the air conditioner and didn’t know he dropped the glove (Clark, p. 19).

The glove on the south path was simply there and there was no evidence that anyone tried to climb the fence in or out. The shrubs were not damaged. A blood trail in the front of the house did not lead to the glove (Schiller, pp. 370, 374). The defense thought that Fuhrman was the kind of man who would frame someone (Schiller, p. 399) and that he took one glove from Bundy to Rockingham opportunistically (Schiller, p. 378).

Fuhrman testified about finding a plastic bag large enough to hold a body in the back of O.J.’s Bronco. An LAPD officer watching the trial called in later to them that the bag was standard equipment in Ford Broncos. It was for the spare tire (Schiller, p. 400).

A sales representative for Aris Isotoner saw the photos of the brown leather gloves on television and recognized the brand. Witnesses saw a video of O.J. wearing such gloves at a football game on Thanksgiving Day, 1993 (Schiller, p. 195).

There were six witnesses for the prosecutor who had photos showing O.J. wearing the Aris Isotoner Lights and winter clothing while he was covering the Chicago Bears game in 1990 (Schiller, p. 623). The prosecution showed a video of O.J. jostling the quarterback at a Cincinnati Bengals – Houston Oilers game.

Richard Rubin was a former Aris Isotoner executive in charge of manufacturing (Schiller, p. 474). Rubin identified the gloves as style 70263, size extra large, brown. The style was “quite rare” and was the same as the murder gloves (Schiller, pp. 623-5).

For months, F. Lee Bailey studied O.J.’s hands and mentally compared them with the bloody gloves in evidence. He was sure they wouldn’t fit (Schiller, p. 474).

During a break, Shapiro tried on one glove. His hands fit snugly. O.J.’s hands were definitely bigger. They knew the gloves would never fit. Johnny Cochran’s hands were a little bigger than Shapiro’s and he couldn’t get them on. (Schiller, p. 474).

Chris Darden for the prosecution was questioning Rubin. Rubin was showing a new pair of gloves. Johnny Cochran for the defense asked for a sidebar for Darden to explain why the new pair was important.

Darden answered, “I would like to lay the foundation to show they are the exact same size, similar make and model, so that perhaps we can have Mr. Simpson try them on at some point.” (Schiller, p. 475).

Cochran said he wanted O.J. to try on the pair that was the gloves in evidence instead of the new pair. Judge Ito agreed, but Clark complained that it might not be an accurate test because the bloody gloves were a “biohazard” and O.J. would have to wear latex gloves. The latex gloves were thin, but could still interfere with the fit (Schiller, p. 475).

Darden asked for O.J. to try on the gloves in evidence with the latex in front of the jury. Cochran said, “No objection, Your Honor.” O.J. tried hard and couldn’t get them on (Schiller, pp. 476-7).

At the end of the court session after everyone else was gone, the defense team had O.J. try on the gloves without the latex. They did not fit. O.J. looked up at the attorneys and said, “These gloves aren’t my size. I’ve got really big hands. I told you that.” (Schiller, p. 477).

The prosecution asserted that the gloves must have shrunk because of the blood that was smeared on them. The defense had an expert witness, Herb MacDonell, testify that such a one time smearing with blood did not make such gloves shrink (Schiller, p. 633).

It would be reasonable to assume that the gloves would shrink if they were washed and dried. The frame up artists needed to remove any trace that they had handled the gloves. They blundered.

What Kind of Man Was Mark Fuhrman?

Fuhrman filed for disability in 1983. He believed his stress started in the Vietnam war (Clark, p. 222). After Fuhrman testified at the preliminary hearing which had a function similar to a grand jury hearing, he asked Clark for an urgent confidential interview. She said it could wait. As Clark tells the story, Fuhrman said, "'No. I've got to tell you now.' he replied. He sat down on one of the benches that lined the court hallways. This forced me to stop and sit beside him.

"'Marcia, you have to know about this because the press is going to pick it up any minute,' he continued. 'A long time ago, I thought I wanted to leave the force. I was strung out over my divorce and feeling burnt out. I put in for a stress disability claim. There's a file with some shrink's reports in it. Mine claimed I said things that I never said. He got it all wrong. I tried to get them to take it out, but I couldn't. When the press gets hold of it, they'll smear me to kingdom come.'"

"'Well, what exactly did you say ... or did he claim you said?' I asked. ... It was not an uncommon thing for government employees, especially cops, to try and get out early, with their pensions and benefits intact, on a stress disability claim. They would invent stories about how they were falling apart, couldn't handle the job, were suicidal." She pointed out that the files were privileged, but Fuhrman insisted that he just knew the press would expose them. Clark thought he was paranoid. The important question she asked him was whether the disability claim file would disprove his testimony. He said they would not and that his testimony was accurate (Clark, pp. 109-11).

About one week later, the contents of Fuhrman's psychiatric file was news. "According to the story, Fuhrman had been an enthusiastic marine, but he had purportedly told Dr. Ronald Hoegler that he had stopped enjoying his military service because 'there were these Mexicans, niggers, volunteers, and they would tell me they weren't going to do something.' He told another shrink, a Dr. John Hochman, that his work among street gangs in East L.A. had given him 'the urge to kill people that upset me.'" Clark couldn't believe it. She asked Fuhrman about it over the phone. He replied, "'I never said that stuff! That's what I was trying to tell you before. I just told him I hated gang bangers. I couldn't stand the way they screwed over innocent people. I don't know how he got all that shit in there.'" He said he didn't feel that way. "'Hell, no. I'm no racist, Marcia. You can ask anyone. Some of my good friends are black. Shit, ask Danette Meyers if you don't believe me.'" Meyers was an African-American D.A. in Santa Monica (Clark, pp. 112-4). she often went out to dinner with Fuhrman. She baby-sat for his kids sometimes. She told Clark, "'Mark's a good cop. He wouldn't frame anyone.'" (Clark, p. 334).

Fuhrman filed for disability pension because of stress. One of the symptoms was that he kept getting unreasonably angry at certain kins of people. He was involved in an incident in 1981 where he was accused of planting a knife as evidence. One therapist wrote that Fuhrman should not carry a gun. Another wrote that Fuhrman was exaggerating his stress. Lots of police were filing for stress pensions at that time. Some people in the department thought Fuhrman was a pathological liar (Schiller, pp. 134-5).

Clark studied Fuhrman's disability file. There was no doubt that he had talked about "Mexicans and niggers" and sounded like a raving racist to the doctors. They concluded that he was faking feelings of racial hostility just to get an early pension (Clark, pp. 332-333).

Clark interviewed Fuhrman's former supervisor, Ron Phillips. Phillips said that when Fuhrman made those statements to the psychiatrists, his first marriage had just fallen apart. A few years later, he had a new marriage and his performance improved (Clark, p. 333).

While it may be true that a failed marriage can bring out the bad attitude in someone, Fuhrman sounds like he was a victim of psychological coercion. The thoughts he was talking about sound like they could have been obsessions that were formed from subliminal activation.

Clark gathered information from other people who worked with Fuhrman. "'When the charges of evidence-planting first surfaced, several black cops called our office to put in a good word for him. We got a memo from one guy from the West L.A. Division who told how he and other African Americans played early-morning basketball with Mark. 'At no time,' he wrote, 'have I heard him disrespect me or any other African American. Not even in jest.'"

"Prosecutors who'd had the opportunity to work with Mark in the past were also favorably impressed. ... [Fuhrman] never pushed questionable filings. Any case he brought was well invesetigated and carefully prepared. My friend and fellow D.A. Lynn Reed, who worked in the West L.A. office, recalled how thoughtful Fuhrman had always been to her black rape victims. Once he'd gone to bat for a black suspect who, on the basis of witness reports and other evidence, seemed to have committed murder. Mark was the lead investigator; he could easily have ignored the suspect's claims of innocence. But he was willing to check out the guy's story, and after putting in some decent overtime, he wound up clearing him of all charges. These were hardly the actions of a dedicated racist." (Clark, pp. 333-4).

I think Fuhrman had PTSD or dissociation or both. The way he handled it sounds like his stress was caused by psychological coercion. O.J. and Fuhrman were similar. They both suspected a psychological impairment that could not be explained. They both reacted against being placed in a bad light. They both seemed to have such an attitude of unreality that people thought they were pathological liars. The reason he denied saying certain words even when he knew he said them was because he felt it was unjust that he should be held responsible for thoughts that had a questionable and possibly external source. Some people intuitively know they are being deceived like this, but they don't know how to explain it.

In 1987, Joseph Britton, an African American, was shot by the police when he was leaving an automated teller machine. He was a robbery suspect. Fuhrman was one of the police who apprehended Britton. He accused Mark Fuhrman of picking up his knife and planting it next to him and shouting, "You stupid nigger. Why did you run?" Britton sued, but later filed a deposition that described Fuhrman as having red hair and a mustache. The description did not match Fuhrman at all (Clark, p. 332). Fuhrman was impersonated.

Fuhrman testified at the preliminary hearing that he hadn’t even uttered the word “nigger” in the last ten years. But then the defense learned that Fuhrman had been a consultant to Laura McKinney, a screenwriter. They subpoenaed her tapes of Fuhrman saying “nigger” 41 times. Fuhrman made other sensational racial slurs on the tapes (Clark, pp. 436-443).

On cross examination by Bailey, Fuhrman insisted that he only found one of the gloves at 875 Bundy.

“Do you use the word, ‘nigger’ in describing people?”

“No, sir,” Fuhrman replied.

“Have you used that word in the last ten years?”

“Not that I recall, no.” (Schiller, p.404).

At a new hearing, away from the jury, Fuhrman’s voice on tape filled the courtroom for an hour with bragging of police brutality and of manufacturing evidence. His voice on tape spoke the word ‘nigger’ many times (Schiller, pp. 583-586).

Gerald Uelman questioned Mark Fuhrman.

“'Detective Fuhrman, was the testimony that you gave at the preliminary hearing in this case completely truthful?'”

"There was a deadly pause during which Mark leaned back and whispered something to his lawyer. Then he spoke into the microphone. 'I wish to assert my Fifth Amendment privilege,' he said.

“'Have you ever falsified a police report?'”

“'I wish to assert by Fifth Amendment privilege.'”

"I forced myself to raise my head and look at him. He was no longer the composed, confident Mark Fuhrman who had parried the thrusts of Lee Bailey. Nor was he the swaggering goon of the McKinny tapes. His face was pained, his features fixed in a tight-lipped grimace that seemed to push everything to a point in the middle of his face. He looked as though he was holding back tears."

"Uelman finally asked him if he intended to assert the Fifth Amendment privilege to every question.

"Yes, Mark said. He did (Clark, pp. 452-453).

“'Detective Fuhrman, did you plant or manufacture any evidence in this case?'”

"Like an automaton, Fuhrman answered 'I assert my Fifth Amendment privilege.'” (Clark, p. 453)

Fuhrman could not choose to answer some questions and not others, so he could not answer any of them (Toobin, p.31). Clark points out that Fuhrman’s answers only implied that he planted the glove, but the damage was done (Clark, p. 453).

Clark couldn’t believe Fuhrman framed O.J. because when they were examining the scene, Fuhrman paused to notice the Heisman Trophy statue in O.J.’s back yard. It looked like hero worship to her (Clark, p. 20).


Shawn Chapman was an attorney working for Johnnie Cochran. Her job was to interview O.J. The blood evidence seemed overwhelming. Something made her question O.J.'s innocence. She became depressed. Sometimes, she could not help thinking he was guilty, but each time she started interviewing him, all her doubts were dissolved by his intensity and sincerity (Schiller, pp. 444-445). Depression can be caused by adverse subliminal activation (see the Swedish report). There is no proof, of course, that Chapman's depressive obsessions were created by subliminal psychological coercion.

Rosa Lopez Had a Panic Attack

Lopez lived next door to O.J. and was a maid for Simpson’s neighbor. She walked the neighbor's dog every day (Schiller, pp. 385-387). Her testimony may not have agreed with another witness, Allan Park (Clark, p. 369).

Lopez was interviewed by Pavelic. She saw O.J.’s Bronco parked in front of his house at approximately 10:15 p.m. Pavelic forgot about the tape inexplicably until Lopez ‘s value as a witness was already at trial. Carl Douglas noticed a discrepancy in records after being prodded by the prosecutors. Pavelic was watching the trial on television and looked through his records. He discovered the forgotten tape (Schiller, pp. 385-391).

Lopez became confused about whether it was closer to 10:00 p.m. or 10:15 p.m. when she saw Simpson’s Bronco (Toobin, pp. 296-297). It appeared that Lopez hadn’t really looked at the clock that day (Toobin, p. 310).

The satellite trucks gathered outside her house. She quit her job and went to live with her daughter and planned to go back to El Salvador (Schiller, pp. 385-387). “The reporters, the rumors, the scolding looks [that she perceived] from her friends and family – they all contrived to turn her misery to panic.” (Toobin, p. 297). Lopez quit the job she had held for nearly 27 years (Schiller, p. 299). She hid out at her daughter’s house. Then she drove to New Mexico. She was persuaded to fly back to Los Angeles (Toobin, p. 297).

In court, she said it was because the reporters were “harassing” her. She said she had reservations to fly to El Salvador, but an attorney called the airline and discovered she didn’t. When she was confronted with this and other evidence of false statements, she just kept adjusting her story each time they caught her lying about her panic attack. She really wasn’t terrified of news reporters like she said she was. She had given television interviews, one only a week before, and she stopped to chat in the court room with a reporter to whom she said, “I love you on TV.” (Toobin, pp. 296-300).

Clark though Lopez’s testimony had little value because she did not immediately come forward when police canvassed the neighborhood looking for witnesses. Lopez knew O.J.’s maid, Michelle, an Israeli. Michelle persuaded Lopez to tell O.J.’s attorney’s. Clark thought the lateness for presentation of this witness was because the defense somehow planted the idea that she should wait and she thought that Lopez’s claims about harassment were prompted by coaching by the defense (Clark, pp. 315-320).

The lateness was because of an unintentional discrepancy in records maintained by Pavelic. Her panic attack sounds very much like someone planted an obsession. She had not been known to have panic attacks before. Her reluctance to step forward could have been caused by a coercive obsession. Pavelic’s oversight may have been subliminally engineered. Someone was afraid that the testimony of Rosa Lopez would be very damaging to the testimony of Allan Park.

Allan Park Saw a Dark Figure

Allan Park was the limousine driver who came to pick up O.J. to take him to the airport for his flight to Chicago. Park came 20 minutes early for the 10:45 p.m. pick up to take O.J. to the airport for his flight to Chicago. Park got out of the limo and came to look for O.J. at about 10:53 or 10:54. Park hadn’t seen O.J.’s Bronco at 10:22 or 10:35 from where he was waiting at the Rockingham gate, but Park saw a second car that was never identified. He saw a dark figure coming on to the property, but he could not identify who it was and didn’t see him get out of a car. Park didn’t see O.J.’s Bronco drive up. Park got out of his limo at 10:55 p.m., one minute after he saw the dark figure. Park’s sighting of the dark figure was “… the defining moment of the case.” Clark thought (Clark, p. 370). O.J.'s explanation was that he overslept and so he could not have been the dark figure (Clark, pp. 65, 369-71, 472-3).

There was too much that Park didn’t see. He didn’t see the Bronco drive up. He didn’t see any lights from the Bronco.

He didn’t see anyone get out. He didn’t hear the door close. He didn’t see anyone come from around the side of the house where the bloody glove was found (Schiller, p. 632). Park saw a second car parked in the driveway that could not be accounted for (Clark, p. 370).

Park saw a dark car, probably a Saab, parked behind O.J.’s Bentley. O.J.’s daughter, Arnelle, had a black Saab, but she was at the movies with friends until 1:30 a.m. (Clark, p. 370). The person who planted the glove and smeared the blood on the console of O.J.’s Bronco needed a second car that looked like Arnelle’s.

So, where was O.J.’s Bronco if it wasn’t parked at the curb like he thought it was while he slept? It had to be accessed by someone who planted the blood mix on the console. The blood on the console was not likely planted by Detective Fuhrman. What better way to access the car than to have an imposter drive it somewhere?

Jill Shively lived near Nicole’s neighborhood. Shively started driving to the store at 10:45 p.m. She was in a hurry to get there before it closed. She was at the intersection of Bundy and San Vicente. A white car raced in front of her trying to make the light, but almost hit a gray Nissan in the intersection. The driver of the white car stuck his head out the window and started screaming at the Nissan to move. Shively thought she recognized O.J. in the white car (Toobin, pp. 123-5).

During deliberation, the jury asked for a read back of Park's testimony. (Clark, p. 476). After listening to the trial for nine months, the jury took two hours to reach a verdict. O.J. was acquitted (Clark, pp. 476, 478).

Coercive obsessions can be used to influence people around the falsely accused. The police, investigators, witnesses, friends and others all could have been prejudiced silently with hidden obsessions. Those who were so prejudiced may not have been more guilty of intending to do wrong than the innocent O.J. Simpson was. Anyone could have been used like this except for one. Who’s body lies in the grave marked for Nicole Brown Simpson?


Clark, Marcia with Carpenter, Teresa, Without a Doubt, New York: Penguin, 1997.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2005.

Schiller, Lawrence and Willwerth, James, America Tragedy: The Uncensored Story of the Simpson Defense, New York: Random House, 1995.

Simpson, O. J., I Want to Tell You: My Response to Your Letters, Your Messages, Your Questions, Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1995.

Sohlberg, Staffan and Birgegard, Andreas, "Persistent Complex Subliminal Activation Effects: First Experimental Observations," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (2003) 85(2):302-316.

Toobin, Jeffrey, The Run of His Life: The People v. O.J. Simpson, New York: Random House, 1996.