A Note on Then and Now
What They Called "Civil War"
A. L. de Santa Anna
Outcomes, and Vision
|Jackson fought to build the Western landowner career, for himself and
his supporters. This meant the landowner as lawyer, as militia officer
over his neighbors, as Indian fighter taking land for those neighbors,
as provider of credit, and as agent in dealing with an outside world that
provided goods to local people.
He fought any challenge to the personal authority that the role required. But he never stopped fighting for the people who supported him.
All else was detail.
||-- Born in South Carolina|
|1788|| -- Migrates to Cumberland River country
| -- Trading to Spanish territory (Natchez).
Takes oath of loyalty to Spanish crown
|1796|| -- Member of Congress
||-- Resigns from Senate|
||-- Elected militia general|
||-- Raises troops for war against British|
|| -- Battle of Horseshoe Bend, defeating radical Creeks
-- Treaty of Fort Jackson, taking land from both Creek enemies and Creek allies
||-- Battle of New Orleans, repulsing British expedition|
|| -- Raid into Spanish Florida, against Seminoles.
Executes Britons Arbuthnot and Ambrister as hostile agents.
|| -- Debate in Washington on Jackson's authority to
carry out 1818 raid.
-- Consulted by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams on whether it is acceptable to leave Texas on Spanish side of line in boundary treaty of 1819. Gives his consent.
||-- Elected Senator|
|1824-1825|| -- Candidate for Presidency, against Adams,
Clay, and Crawford. Receives plurality of popular vote, and in electoral
college, but House of Representatives elects Adams
|1825|| -- Resigns from Senate
|-- Elected President, over Adams|
|1830|| -- Signs Indian Removal Act
|| -- Vetoes bill to recharter Bank of the United States
-- Signs bill for moderate tariff.
||-- Re-elected President|
|1832, December|| -- Proclamation against South Carolina's nullification of tariff
|1833, March 2|| -- Signs Force Bill, along with Congress's compromise for further
scaling down tariff
|1833, October -
|-- Removes government deposits from Bank of the United States|
|1834-1836|| -- Controversy with France over claims for damage
to U.S. commerce during Napoleonic wars
||-- Federal debt paid off.|
||-- Sends first Army expeditions to Florida, in 2nd Seminole War|
||-- Specie Circular|
|| -- Cancels Gaines call-up of volunteers for Texas; orders Gaines
to maintain neutrality while occupying Nacogdoches
|1837, January|| -- Interview with Santa Anna in White House
|| -- Recognizes independence of Texas
-- Ends presidency; retires to Tennessee
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